420 Joseph Harris Martha Martin
1794 - 1870 1799 - 1866
  430 George Lemaster Mary Oliver Martin
1793 - 1878 1799 - 1844
306 Thomas Martin Harris
b. 1832
Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
d. Bet 1910 - 1920
Atlantic City, Atlantic, New Jersey, USA?
Mary Oliver (Lemaster) Alley
b. 7 Jun 1835
Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
d. Bet 1910 - 1920
Atlantic City, Atlantic, New Jersey, USA?
Relationship Events:
25 Nov 1852 Marriage Jacob Henry Alley to Mary Oliver Lemaster in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
2 Mar 1853 Birth Mary Elizabeth Alley in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
18 Nov 1857 Death Mary Elizabeth Alley in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
30 Apr 1858 Birth Lizzie Alley in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
30 Apr 1861 Death Jacob Henry Alley in Washington DC while serving in the Union Army of the Civil War
25 Apr 1867 Marriage Thomas Martin Harris to Mrs. Mary Oliver Lemaster Alley in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Ancestor Leaf Martha M. (Martin?) Harris b. 17 June 1867 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA d. 23 Jun 1899 in Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Samuel Ruggles Henderson b. 29 May 1865 In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; d. 23 Mar 1927 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA Four children: Harris (died as an infant); Joseph Harris, Samuel Ruggles, Jr., and Marto Henderson
  Mary Oliver Harris b. 3 Oct 1869 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA; d. 18 Sep 1963
Edward S. Lee (Senator), b. 1858 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, d. 26 Aug 1920 in Ventnor, New Jersey One child: Robert Harris Lee
  Thomas Martin Harris, Jr. b. 1871 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA; d. ?
Mary E. McGuinley ? Divorced 5 years later ? ?
What We Know


Thomas and Mary Harris were both in their 30s when they married in 1867. And both had come from families which knew a lot of sorrow in the early deaths of many of their family members. Thomas was the third generation in the Harris family who was named for an older brother who died prior to his birth.

Mary Oliver LeMaster married Jacob Henry Alley, a shoe cutter and son of Henry W. and Elizabeth Alley of Lynn, Massachusetts on 25 Nov 1852. Their first daughter Mary Elizabeth was born a few months later on 2 March 1853 and died of croup in Marblehead on 18 Nov 1857. Their second daughter Lizzie was born in Marblehead on 18 April 1858. Jacob Alley enlisted as a Private in Company H, 8th Infantry Regiment Massachusetts on 30 Apr 1861. He died of disease in Washington DC on 12 Mar 1862 in Company H, 20th Infantry Regiment, leaving Mary a widow with a child and a small military pension. Although Jacob's military record indicates he enlisted in the Union Army on 15 Apr 1861, the 1860 Federal Census, taken in April of 1860, indicates that Mary and their daughter Lizzie were living with her father George Lemaster. Husband Jacob Alley cannot be found in the 1860 census, which was taken a year before he enlisted in the Army. It appears that the couple was separated at time.

Thomas Martin Harris (a shoe manufacturer working in his father's firm Joseph Harris & Sons) and Mary Oliver Lemaster Alley were married on the 17 Jun 1867 by a Salem clergyman Reverend Spaulding. As with his parents, who both shared a maternal ancestry to a single family (the Pedericks/Pedricks), Thomas and Mary also shared a common maternal ancestry link in that both their mothers were descended from Martins within two generations. Thomas was 36 at the time of his first marriage, and Mary was 33. Their first child Martha M. was born about a month and half after their marriage. In a time and locale where young people commonly married at 18 to 20, Thomas' extended bachelorhood was somewhat unusual (Mary and Jacob married at 18 and 19). If the records are correct, and they appear to be, the couple took several months to decide to marry once their first child was conceived.

Their daughter Mary Oliver was born a year and half later in October 1869 and then Thomas Martin Jr. two years later in October 1971. When the 1870 Federal Census was taken, Thomas and his wife with Lizzie and their two daughters were living in Marblehead and had a 19-year-old domestic servant. The 1880 Federal Census finds them with the addition of Thomas Jr. living in Philadelphia with a 16-year-old domestic servant Anna from Germany and a 42-year-old male servant Thomas Van Hagan (born in New York).

Thomas' father Joseph had died in 1870, and sometime between the two censuses, the family relocated to Philadelphia. Thomas’ brother John F. Harris appears to have been the head of their father’s firm after his death.Thomas' older brother (the two were two years apart in age), Richard Pedrick Adams Harris, his wife Lucy, and their three children Annie, Willie, and Peter were also in Philadelphia at the time the 1880 Census was taken. (On the 1880 Census, Richard gave his profession as "shoe manufacturer", and under disabilities, listed "kidneys.") We know that Richard endeavored to expand his investments because the Grand Jury in Philadelphia charged him in 1878 with fraudulently incorporating a wool manufacturing enterprise.

Thomas set up his own shoe manufacturing firm in Philadelphia. Some of the ad slogans for his enterprise survive on the Internet and are quoted below:

Buy Harris' wedgeheels ... Thomas M. Harris & Co. Philadelphia 

Ha, ha!! John, give it up it won't yield. ... Thomas M. Harris &Co. ... Philadelphia ... S.H. Powers, wholesale dealer, 132 Duane St. N.Y 

It doesn't move ... Thomas M. Harris & Co. Trade marks reg. Aug.1882 & July 1884 ... Philad'a. ... S.H. Powers, New York City

Standard shoes. ... Thomas M. Harris & Co 

See also the photos of the ad cards below which were printed in about 1886, and survive as collectibles to this day.

Marriages of Their Children:

Lizzie Alley was going by the name Lizzie Harris on the 1880 census, when she was 21. The notice in the Philadelphia Inquirer indicates she may have married a man named David W. Hinds in 1895.


Martha Harris and Samuel Ruggles Henderson, our direct ancestors, were married in Philadelphia in 1885. They had four children: Harris (who died before he was a year old), Joseph Harris, Samuel Ruggles, Jr., and Marto Henderson.

Thomas M. Martin Jr. may have married Mary McGuinley on 17 Dec 1896.


Mary Oliver Harris married Senator Edward S. Lee of Atlantic City, New Jersey on 25 Jun 1903, and had their one (known) child, Robert Harris Lee on 30 Mar 1904. (In a striking coincidence, Senator Lee was a political rival of Commodore Louis Kuehnle).

The Philadelphia Inquirer reported that a Thomas M. Harris. and Mary E. Harris received a divorce decree from the Court in July of 1902.

Mary and her husband are both buried with Martha Harris Henderson at West Laurel Hill Cemetery in Philadelphia. The Appendix has some articles on Mary's husband and family.

Unfortunately, no census information can be found on Lizzie or Thomas Jr. which would assist in verifying that the newspaper articles refer to our particular Lizzie and Thomas Jr. The family of Joseph Harris Henderson has the wedding invitation for his parents Samuel and Martha, which substantiates the date of their marriage. The existence of a military enlistment record tells us that Thomas Jr. served in the military and was discharged with a rating of "Excellent." And we know from that enlistment record and his passport application that he had either blue or light gray eyes.

A Philadelphia Directory from 1895 has a listing for Thomas Harris Sr. sharing an address with his son-in-law, Samuel Henderson.

Martha Harris Henderson died in 1899 when her three surviving children were still young.

Thomas M. Harris and his wife Mary Oliver Lemaster Harris were listed on the Federal Census in 1910 living in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Since they cannot be found on the 1920 census, I'm guessing that they both died between the two census years. Their grandson Joseph Harris Henderson, who bears his great grandfather's proud name, settled in Egg Harbor City, 17 miles outside of Atlantic City, where he met his future wife, Florence Henderson Kuehnle. I wish I knew what happened to the Harris/Henderson relationships following the death of Martha Henderson. Did he visit with his grandparents and his aunts and uncle while they lived in Atlantic City?

Brick Walls of Knowledge


The birth and marriage dates for Thomas Martin Harris, his wife Mary Oliver LeMaster Alley Harris (both marriages), her first husband's military service, and date of death, and the dates of her children are all confirmed by records in Marblehead, Essex County, Massachusetts.


Thomas and Mary's dates and location of death and burial are still unknown. The lives of Lizzie (Alley) Harris, and Thomas Martin Harris, Jr. and any descendants are complete mysteries at this time.


Below are three advertising cards printed for Thomas M. Harris & Co. Notice that in the third one, a drawing of the factory is included. Was the factory this large?

Ad Card 3

Ad Card 2


Ad Card

Not long after he was indicted by the Philadelphia Grand Jury for fraudulently incorporating a woolen corporation, Thomas's brother Richard Pedrick Adams Harris died. The article below deals with the administration of his estate, in which a debt to Thomas is listed. We know from the article that Richard's wife Lucy died within a couple of months of her husband. Beside the article about Richard Harris is the passport application that Thomas Jr. filled out when he was 19.


Name of Item Description of Item   Name of Item Description of Item
Vital Statistics Marriage and birth records 1880 Census 1880 Federal Census Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Jacob Alley Military Civil War Military Record of Jacob Alley 1910 Census 1910 Federal Census Atlantic City, New Jersey
1870 Census 1870 Federal Census Marblehead, Massachusetts Thomas Jr. Military Military Enlistment Record for Thomas Martin Jr.
Mary Oliver Lee Documents related to Mary, her husband, and family    
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