Family Tree Home Page
  Edmund Gale
? - 1642  
  1140 Samuel Ward Mary Hilliard
1593 - 1682 ? - 1638
1060 Ambrose Gale
About 1631
Cambridge, Middlesex, Massachusetts, USA
d. Aug 1708
Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Mary Ward
About 1632
Hingham, Plymouth, Massachusetts, USA
d. 5 Feb 1694
Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Relationship Events:
About 1660 Marriage Ambrose Gale to Mary Ward
19 Aug 1695 Marriage Ambrose Gale to Deborah Girdler (widower of Francis) in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
26 Nov 1774
Ancestor Leaf 945 Benjamin Gale bp. 17 Mar 1663 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA; 3 Apr 1714 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Lidia Deliverance Codner Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USASeven Children: Mary, John, Ambrose, Elizabeth, Delyverance, Benjamin, and Samuel Gale
  Elizabeth Gale bp. 17 Mar 1663 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Thomas Roots
One Child: Mary Roots
  Charity Gale bp. 17 Nov 1663 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA

1. John Pittman 5 May 1681 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA

2. Marke Haskall 7 Jan 1696 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA

John and Charity - Four Children: John, Mary, Abial, and Joseph Pittman

Marke and Charity - Six Children: Mark, Ambrose, William, Elizabeth, Benjamin, and Hannah Haskall

  Ambrose Gale bp. 20 Jun 1665 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA; probate administered 29 Jun 1710 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Jemima Pousland 22 Mar 1710 Two Children: Mary and Benjamin Gale
  Deliverance Gale bp. 8 Aug 1672 in Salem, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Benjamin James 24 Nov 1692 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA Seven Children: Erasmus, Benjamin, Deliverance, Tabitha, Richard, Johanna, and Ambrose James
What We Know


Ambrose Gale was the son of Edmund Gale, one of four brothers who emigrated to the New World in the early seventeenth century. Edmund settled in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and died there 29 Jul 1642. Ambrose's family was apparently very mobile in New England. His uncle John settled in Boston, and died shortly after 1634; his uncle Richard settled in Watertown and died in 1679; and his uncle Hugh was recorded in Kittery, Maine in 1652.

Ambrose had in addition six brothers: Thomas who settled in New Haven, Connecticut and Edmund, who was in Salisbury in 1666, then in Marblehead for awhile, and finally settled in Falmouth. There are no records for the whereabouts of his other four brothers Robert, Bartholomew, Abel, and Eliezer.

Ambrose married as his first wife, Mary Ward, the daughter of Samuel Ward and Mary Hilliard, immigrants to Hingham, Plymouth County, Massachusetts, where Mary was born in 1632.

Ambrose and Mary built their house at what is now 17 Franklin Street in Marblehead, in 1663. Today (2011), it is the oldest house still standing in Marblehead and is a tourist attraction on the Walking Tour.

According to Marblehead Magazine, Ambrose Gale was a selectman in Marblehead in 1648, 1666, 1667, and 1674.

Mary's nephew Samuel Ward married the daughter of Marblehead resident Moses Maverick. Mary's husband Ambrose was recorded by Moses Maverick as "my loving friend" in his will in which he also named him as overseer in 1685. Of interest about nephew Samuel is that after his first wife's death, he married Sarah Bradstreet, the daughter of the last Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Simon Bradstreet, and his wife Anne. Samuel died while serving in the French and Indian War. (Simon Bradstreet's wife Anne Dudley was  the daughter of Massachusetts co-founder Thomas Dudley and New England's first published poet. They had eight children, seven of whom grew to adulthood. Among their descendants, although none are related by blood to us, include jurists Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. and David Souter, U.S. President Herbert Hoover, and actor Humphrey Bogart).



In 1692, both Ambrose and his daughter Charity Gale Pitman testified in the witchcraft trial of Marblehead's Wilmott Redd, who was taken to Salem for trial and executed on 22 Sep 1692.

Charity's testimony: "This deponent aged twenty nine years affirms, that about five years agoe, Mrs Syms of the Towne having lost some linnen which she suspected Martha Laurence the girle which then lived with Wilmott Redd had taken up, desired the deponent to goe with her to Wilmott Redds, and demanding the same, having many words about the same, mrs Syms told her, that if she would not deliver them she would go to Salem to mr Hathorne and gett a speciall warrant for her servant girle; upon which the s'd Redd told her in my hearing, that she wished that she might never mingere, nor cacare, if she did not goe, and some short time after the deponent observed. that the s'd Mrs Syms was taken with the distemper of the dry Belly-ake, and so continued many moneths during her stay in the Towne, and was not cured whilst she tarryed in the Countrey, --" Ambrose testified as to the accuracy of the accounts of illness.

Ambrose became the "guardian" of the mother of his daughter Elizabeth's husband Thomas Rootes. Susannah Rootes was the wife of Josiah Rootes, and after his death, she was too frail to attend to the execution of his estate. In June of 1684 the court ordered that Susannah's inheritance should be given to Gale to reimburse him for expenses. It was agreed that with the transfer of her assets, Gale would care for her for the rest of her life.

At the age of 70, this woman who was too frail to administer her husband's estate 8 years earlier, was questioned and imprisoned during the witchcraft hysteria in 1692, and then released.

Ambrose and Mary Gale had five children of whom we have records, all baptized in Salem on the same day.

Their son Benjamin, our direct ancestor, married Lydia (Lidia) (probably) Deliverance Codner. (According to some records, he had two wives, Lidia Codner and Lidia Wakefield, but I believe he had only the one). Benjamin carried on a fishing business on land owned by his father Ambrose. Benjamin and Lidia had seven children between 1677 and 1699.

Elizabeth Gale married Thomas Rootes Jr. Thomas appears to have lived in Beverly, Salem and finally removed to Boston, where he bought a dwelling-house and piece of land from Joseph Gridley, Dec. 21, 1676 (recorded Feb. 2 following), for £118. In the will of Thomas Jr., of Sept. 18, 1683, proved Jan. 31 following [See Sup. Doc. No. VII], he states that he is bound on a voyage to Jamaica, it would seem in poor health, and names only his wife, child and father-in-law. His wife refusing to act as administratrix after his decease, Ambrose Gale, his father-in-law, was made administrator. The inventory amounted to £201.

Deliverance Gale was the second wife of Captain Benjamin James, whose first wife Sarah Lindsey (Linssey) died at the age of 22. Benjamin and Sarah had one child, Sarah. Benjamin and Deliverance James had seven children, one of whom, their daughter, Deliverance, died at 1 year, 4 months.

Charity Gale married Captain John Pittman, a mariner, and they had four children before he died in 1696 in Barbados. After his death, she married Marke Haskall, and they had six children.

Ambrose Gale Jr. married Jemima Pousland in 1710 and they had two children before he died in 1717. Jemima subsequently married Gyles Ivemy in 1720.

Mary Gale died in 1694/95 at the age of 63 and was buried in Marblehead's Old Burial Hill Cemetery, where her headstone remains to this day.

After his first wife's death, Ambrose married Deborah, the widow of Francis Girdler, who was to "forego" the dower in her estate in exchange for £100. Coincidentally, Francis and Deborah Girdler were the parents of John Girdler, another of our direct descendants.

Ambrose died in 1708 at the age of 77, and Deborah, his widow, died in 1716.





Probate Records for the Sons of Ambrose and Mary and three of their sons in law.


Information about John Pittman, the first husband of Charity Gale:


Below are three excerpts from Putnam's magazine about Ambrose and his family. He incorrectly, says that Deliverance Gale who married Benjamin James was the daughter of Ambrose, Jr. She was the sister of Ambrose Jr., daughter of Ambrose Sr. and Mary.

Putnam's Monthly Historical Magazine, Volume 3, Page 228, by Eden Putnam

Ambrose Gale, Sen., of Marblehead, merchant, gives bond to John Legg, of do.Ambrose Gale to be married to Deborah, widow of Francis Girdler of Marblehead and she is to forego her claim of dower in his estate, receiving £100 therefore. John Legg, trustee for her three youngest children John, Robert, and Hannah. 13 Aug., 1695.

Vol. XI, fo. 46.

Ambrose Gale, Sr., widower, to son Ambrose, mariner, a message bought by him of his brother Ward, deceased. Wit. by Charity Pittman. 8 Aug., 1695, Vol. XI, fo. 47.

Ambrose Gale, or Salem, but perhaps formerly of Hingham or Oharlestown where he married Mary, daughter of Samuel Ward, cooper, and who in 1681 bequeathed him laud at Hull. His brother was Edmond Gale of Marblehead and of Beverly. Ambrose had Benjamin, who died between 1718, the date of an attempted settlement of his father's estate, and 1721; Elizabeth, bapt. 17 May. 1063, m. Thomas Hoot of Boston, whose daughter. Mary married Captain. Azor Gale of Marblehead,. a nephew of Ambrose Gale, Sr.; Charity, bapt 17 .June, 1664,, who married. Pittman and later became the wife of Mark Hlaskell; Ambrose, who died soon after his father, leaving children; Deliverance, m. Benjamin. James of Marblehead.

Edmond Gale, who seems to have been a wanderer and at one time a resident of Marblehead, at another of Beverly, where his daughter Sarah married. John Stone, was a brother of  Ambrose, Sr. The name is spelled Gale, Gaal, Gall, etc., on early records.


Information about some of the real estate holdings of Ambrose Gale.

Ambrose Gale and his family lived during the times of the Salem witchcraft hysteria, and he and his daughter Charity both gave evidence at the trial of Wilmott Redd, the only Marblehead resident who was executed as a witch.

Wilmot Redd

“Wilmot was born about 1638. She married Samuel Redd about 1657 in Salem. She lived with her husband, a fisherman, “upon the hill by the meeting house” in Marblehead.” “She was known for irratibility, but she was given little serious attention and, to her neighbors, probably more bitch than witch.”

            “On May 26, 1692 George Herrick, marshal, attested, “Being at Salem Village with constable Joseph Neale, the persons under written was afflicted much and complained against, viz., Mary Walcott, Mercy Lewis, Ann Putnam upon Goodwife Redd of Marblehead.”

             On May 28, 1692 the conspiracy filed a complaint against Wilmot Redd and ten others. On May 31 James Smith, constable of Marblehead, arrested her and took her to Salem Village. The written record of her examination reads, “Being often urged what she thought these persons [the afflicted] ailed of, she would reply, ‘I cannot tell.’ Then being asked if she did not think that they were bewitched, she answered, ‘I cannot tell.’ And being urged for her opinion in the case, all she would say was, ‘My opinion is they are in a sad condition.’” She was imprisoned.   

            At the Court of Oyer and Terminer on September 14, 1692 Charity Pitman, twenty-nine, the wife of John Pitman and the daughter of Ambrose Gale, one of Marblehead’s most outstanding citizens stated, “About five years ago Mrs. Symmes lost some linen which she suspected [her servant] Martha Lawrence, the girl which then lived with Wilmot Redd, had taken up.” Mrs. Symmes and Charity made a visit to Samuel Redd’s house. An argument ensued, and Mrs. Symmes threatened to take the servant before magistrate John Hawthorne. “Wilmot Redd wished that Mrs. Symmes might never mingere, nor cacare, if she did not go. A short time after, Mrs. Symmes was taken with the dry balk, and so continued many months during her stay in the Town, and was not cured whilst she tarried in the Country.” On September 17 the Court of Oyer and Terminer condemned Wilmot Redd, and on September 22, 1692 she was hanged at Salem.” [3]      

1.  Enders A. Robinson, The Devil Discovered: Salem Witchcraft 1692. (Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, Inc. 2001) 320

2.  Answers Corporation, "Wilmot Redd,", 2007, 11 Nov 2007 <>.

3.  Enders A. Robinson,  The Devil Discovered: Salem Witchcraft 1692. (Prospect Heights, IL: Waveland Press, Inc. 2001)  320-321


(Charity Pitman v. Wilmott Reed)

   The Testimony of Charity Pitman of Marblehead.

   This deponent aged twenty nine years affirms, that about five years agoe, Mrs Syms of the Towne having lost some linnen which she suspected Martha Laurence the girle which then lived with Wilmott Redd had taken up, desired the deponent to goe with her to Wilmott Redds, and demanding the same, having many words about the same, mrs Syms told her, that if she would not deliver them she would go to Salem to mr Hathorne and gett a speciall warrant for her servant girle; upon which the s'd Redd told her in my hearing, that she wished that she might never mingere, nor cacare, if she did not goe, and some short time after the deponent observed. that the s'd Mrs Syms was taken with the distemper of the dry Belly-ake, and so continued many moneths during her stay in the Towne, and was not cured whilst she tarryed in the Countrey, --

Jurat in Curia, 
(Reverse) Charity Pittman ags't Willmott Redd 

Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 2 Page 6 

(Ambrose Gale v. Wilmott Reed)

   Mr Ambros Gale: Affirmd that: Mrs Simse was:abo't that time: or soon after so: aflicted: as was then Reported Septem'r 14, 1692

Jurat in Curia. 
Essex County Archives, Salem -- Witchcraft Vol. 2 Page 6 

Thomas Rootes (Roots), the husband of Elizabeth Gale, came from a family who has considerable genealogical information available. His mother Susannah, after being widowed, (and after the death of her son, Thomas), was given over for life to the protection of Ambrose Gale.

Root genealogical records. 1600-1870: Comprising the general history of the ..... Pages 50 - 52

THOMAS ROOTES. He was a brother of Richard and Josiah, and probably of Joshua also, as all these names have the peculiarity of being spelled with sfinal. He lived in Salem, Mass., arriving there as early as 1636. In the year 1655, in a document that was acknowledged and recorded in June, 1683 [See Sup. Doc. No. IV], and a copy of which is in the Register Books, he deeded to his nephew Thomas, son of Josiah, all the land that was given by the selectmen in 1636 to his mother "the widow Mason," to his brother Richard and himself, — in all sixty acres. In the year 1657 he bought a dwelling-house and two acres of land adjoining his property, from one John Wilson, by the deed of which it appears that he followed the occupation of weaver, probably in addition to his farm labors. In 1663 he was among those chosen to fence in the land of the town. In

1679 he united in a deed with George Hodges and wife in the sale of some land to John Lovett, from which it appears that his wife's name was Katherine. -{See Sup. Doc. No. 1.] In

1680 Thomas Rootes, Sr., and wife made a "covenant and agreement " with George Hodges and wife, wherein it is stated that the former were unable at that period, by reason of age and weakness, to provide for their comfortable livelihood. An agreement was therefore made with said Hodges to boardThomas Rootes and wife, and provide for them necessary comforts during their lives, and said Hodges was to have the use and improvement of Roots' whole estate. A lot of land was reserved for the daughter Catherine Hodges, and the movables also were to fall to her. This was signed by Thomas Rootes and his wife Katherine, and by George Hodges and his wife Sarah. [See Sup. Doc. No. II.] In 1681 the two parties exchanged their dwelling-houses and adjoining lands, and Mrs. Katherine Rootes had doubtless departed this life, as her name was not affixed to the deed. [See Sup. Doc. No. III.] Thomas Rootes married again, however, as in his will of 7th of November, 1683, proved Nov. 9, 1683, he bequeathed his house and land where he then lived, in Salem, to his beloved wife Sarah, during her life, also certain moneys due him, and goods and chattels belonging to him. After her decease this property was to fall to the aforementioned Katherine Hodges, wife of Benjamin Daken of Beverly. [See Sup. Doc. No. V.]

2. Salem, Mast.

Joshua Rootes. He was of Salem, Mass., as early as 1636, where he, together with Thomas, Richard, and Josiah, had grants of land from the Salem authorities. The only additional information that has been derived concerning him is a record of his musical abilities published in Felt's Annals of Salem. In 1657 Joshua Rootes was to have forty shillings a year " for beating the drum to the trayne band whenever they have occation." In 1666 he was styled "Drum-mayor." There is no memorandum of any descendants of either Joseph or Joshua Rootes in the church or town records, or in the probate office.

3. Fairfield, Or.

Richard Rootes. He lived in Lynn and Salem. In the latter place he was a member of the Congregational Church in 1636. He was made free March 9, 1637. He removed to Fairfield, Ct., taking with him his nephew John,* son of Josiah, and it is altogether probable that he left no children of his own. He d. in Fairfield before 1653, when his widow married Michael Try.

4. Salem and Beverly, Mats.

Josiah Rootes. He was a brother of Thomas and Richard, and probably of Joshua of Salem, Mass. He had lands granted to him there in 1636, and again in 1649. He would appear to have been a native of Great Chart, a parish in England, about fifty miles southeast from London. He was, according to the record, the first of the name and of his family who came to this country. He immigrated here in 1634 in the ship Hercules, which returned in July "by St. Georges' to cut masts to carry to England." * The following memorandum from a historical work exhibits the form and process by which our ancestors emigrating at that period became settlers of New England :f "A list or register of all such persons as embarked themselves in the good ship called the Hercules, of Sandwich, of the burthen of 200 tons, John Witherly, Master, and thence transported from Sandwich to the plantation called New England in America, with the certificates from the ministers where they last dwelt of their conversation and conformity to the orders and discipline of the church; and that they had taken the oath of allegiance and supremacy." Among other names in this list appears that of Jos. Rootes of Great Chart, with the certificate of Robert Gorsham, curate of Great Chart, 20 March, 1634. He came to Salem, and settled on the Beverly side, and joined the Salem church in 1648. On the 23d of April, 1667, the brethren belonging to Bass River petitioned the first church of Salem to set off as a church, with Rev. John Hale as pastor, and the names of JosiahRootes and family are attached to this petition. Hence he became one of the founders of the Beverly church. His wife's name was Susanna, as appears by the will made by him May 15, 1683, just nineteen days before he died. [See Sup. Doc. No. VI.] In this document he gave his personal estate to his wife Susanna till his youngest son Jonathan should come of age. His widow Susanna was one of those unfortunate ones arraigned for witchcraft. The complaint was entered by Thos. Putnam, clerk of the parish in Salem village, May 21, 1692, on account of injuries supposed to be committed upon his wife, a poor nervous body, and upon sundry other persons afHi£ted with the mania. The only evidence against her was that she was accustomed to absent herself from prayers while living in Andrew Elliott's house, and that said Elliott and wife heard her rise in the night and talk in the room below, also "flying in yc chamber over said roome as if there were 5 or 6 persons with her." She had her trial before Justices Hathorne and Corwin on the 21st of May, and she was sent to Boston jail with other prisoners, Monday the 23d May, 1692, where she was put in irons. There is no record of her appearance before the Court of Oyer and Terminer, which had jurisdiction in cases of Witchcraft. She was probably discharged shortly from custody because of insufficient evidence, or released when the delusion abated. [See Sup. Doc. No. IX.] There is no record of her decease.

Children of "Josiah and Susanna Rootes:

They had baptized, Sep. 24, 1648, the first four.

5. I. Josiah, b. a. 1642, f.; d. a. 1685.

6. II. Bethia, b. a. 1644.

7. III. John, b. a. 1646, f.; d. May 25, 1723.

8. IV. Susanna, m. Haskins and had a child baptized in

1668, 2 yrs. 6 mo. (no name given)

9. V. Thomas, bap. Feb. 16, 165 1, f.; d. 1683-4.

10. VI. Jonathan, b. a. 1666, f.; d. before 1729.


Boston, Mass.

JOSIAH ROOTES, son of Josiah of Beverly, b. a. 1642 in Beverly, Mass., where he was bap. with his brother John and two sisters on the 24th Sept., 1648. In 1669 (May 3) John and Sarah Wesson of Reading, sold thirty acres of land to Josiah Rootes the younger, in the county of Essex, mariner, situated in the town of Salem, on Bass River side, alias Beverly. On the 22d of January, 1673, he bought land of James Mears, in Boston, for the sum of X150. At a later date power of administration of all goods, estate, etc., of JosiahRootes, formerly of Boston, Mariner, deceased, intestate, was granted to Bozoun Allen and Lydia his wife in right of themselves and others concerned therein. The inventoryof the estate amounted to .£127 5*. It is probable that Jos. Rootes, Jr., married a daughter B. Allen. Nothing is known of any descendants.

V. Woodbury, O.

John Rootes, son of Josiah of Beverly, Mass. (See No. 4), b. a. 1646, in Beverly, Mass. He removed, probably in company with his uncle Richard, to Fairfield, Ct., where he had lands granted to him March 2, 1676, by his kinsman Michael Try, who married the widow of his uncle Richard Rootes. From that place he went to Woodbury, about 1681 or '2. He purchased a house and lot of Samuel Hull, Feb. 22, 1686. He also purchased lands of Nicholas Camp, town attorney, Nov. 8, 1687, and various other parcels of land at later periods, till he became possessed of a large real estate.* He has been supposed by some to have been the son of John Roote, Sr., of Farmington, but this could not be, as John of Farmington deeded land to his son John of Westfield. [See note appended to No. 2801.] That the Woodbury branch descended from Josiah of Beverly there is no room to doubt after the examination of the various facts on record. In September, 1739, a power of attorney was given to Joseph Roots, son of John of Woodbury, by the brothers and sisters of the former, "to inquire into the rights belonging to John Root, Senior, lying within the province of Mass. bay whether real or personal." This inquiry no doubt related to the remaining property belonging to the family there. The family names bestowed by John Roots upon his children are also strongly conclusive, in connection with the other facts, as to the relationship. The spelling of the name with final in the records of Woodbury, and in other old documents that have been examined by the compiler, is another evidence of the same. John Roots was m. to Dorcas . He d. May 25, 1723. She d. May 15, 1720.

* The following memorandum in the town records relates to one of these purchases: "Laid out John Roots upon the 5 of May 1696 8 acres of land between hopahey meadow and the Roclts on the West side of it — that is to say, two acres of houselot or homdot division, and the other six acres a9 last division, be it more or less."

Children: (Born mostly in Woodbury.)

11. I. John, bap. April, 1685, in Woodbury; d. young.

12. II. Susanna, bap. April, 1685, in Woodbury, f.; d. April

26, 1738.

13. III. Mary, bap. April, 168;; m. Robert Warner.

14. IV. Josiah, bap. Mar. 1688, f. ; d. 1727.

15. V. Bethia, b. Dec. 1691 ; d. July 23, 1700.

16. VI. John, b. June 9, 1693, f. ; d. Aug. 3, 1757.

17. VII. Joseph, b. June, 1698, f.; d. 1761.

18. VIII. Bethia, b. Feb. 7, 1703.

19. IX. Thomas, date of birth unknown, f. ; d. June 3, 1727.

9. Bolton, Mais.

Thomas Rootes, son of Josiah of Beverly (4), bap. Feb. 16, 1651, at Salem, Mass. He m. Elizabeth, dau. of Ambrose Gale of Marblehead. She was bap. May 17, 1665, in Salem, Mass. Her father afterwards removed to Marblehead, Mass. Thomas Roots', Jr., lots in Beverly were situated near the meeting-house, and part of his tract was bought for the graveyard. He seems to have disposed of all his property in Beverly and settled in Salem for a time. His uncle Thomasof Salem had, in 1655, granted to his nephew sixty acres of land which had been given by the selectmen, in 1636, to Thomas, Sr., his brother Richard, and the widow Mason, their mother, and which had come into the possession ofThomas Sr. [See Sup. Doc. No. V.] A part of this land had been sold in 1662, during the minority of Thomas Jr., by his father Josiah Rootes, to one Henry Kenny, without sufficient warrant, and the said land was delivered to Thomas Jr., by execution in 1683, Kenny recovering the damage from the estate of Josiah Sr., in 1684. Thomas Rootes Jr., removed to Boston, where he bought a dwelling-house and piece of land from Joseph Gridley, Dec. 21, 1676 (recorded Feb. 2 following), for £118. In the will of Thos. Jr., of Sept. 18, 1683, proved Jan. 31 following [See Sup. Doc. No. VII], he states that he is bound on a voyage to Jamaica, it would seem in poor health, and names only his wife, child and father-in-law. His wife refusing to act as administratrix after his decease, Ambrose Gale, his father-inlaw, was made administrator. The inventory amounted to £201 on. ood. *

Sec Vinthrop't History, Vol. I, p. 134. History of Sandwich, by William Boys, p. 750.

Josiah, called Josias in some records, was very likely the son of Edmund who had a son "John" baptized in Eastwell, Kent, England in 1612. The original record needs to be consulted to confirm the name(1) Among other sons were Thomas and Richard, and Thomas and Richard Rootes/Roots appear in Salem, MA, area records in the mid 1600s. Thomas is referred to as the uncle of Thomas, son of Josiah, in a court proceeding in Massachusetts. The passenger list of the ship Hercules bound for Salem and dated March of 1634-35 gives the name Jos. Rootes, no age, single, a "husbandman" (farmer) and previously living in Great Chart. The latter town is two miles from Ashford. Listed next to him is widow Emma Mason of Eastwell, Kent, the same town in which most if not all of the Rootes children were baptized. She was likely the remarried mother of Josiah. 

Josiah appears in court records as early as February of 1645-46. "Josiah Rootes of Salem, drummer, fined 10s[hillings] for being overtaken in drink at the last excersize of the artillery in Salem, which was publicly known to the bench." He petitioned the court to waive the fine the following year.(2) His lot in the town improved when on 13 June 1648 he was admitted to full communion in the First Church in Salem,(3) and in February of 1649-50 he was sworn a freeman of the Massachusetts Bay Colony.(4) On a tax list for raising money for town expenses in 1660, "Josias" is listed with the amount of £4 and in 1661, £2 (5) Between at least 1660 and 1667 Josiah presented bills to the town, all but one year amounting to £2 per bill. The entry for 1666 refers to him as "drum major," and it's likely that he was paid these years for being the town drummer.(6) Drummers were used during military excersizes, as indicated above, and to call people to town meetings. Josiah was on a list of eligible grand jurymen chosen twice in 1665.(7) A court record of the same year indicates that he owned a share in the field on "Cape Ann side," undoubtedly referring to an area that what was soon to be named Beverly.(8) In 1669 Josiah charged his neighbor Joseph Harris with stealing his calf.(9) On 25 October 1678 Josiah presented a complaint to the court that he and his wife "for neare twenty years" experienced theft of their goods, including sheets, a shirt, apples, wood, hay and oil, at the hands of the Harris and Hoar families.(10)A litany of accusations, some bordering on gossip, were heard from other neighbors and townspeople. 
aaaJosiah and Joseph Rootes, Sr., were on the list of petitioners for the creation of the parish at Beverly, MA dated 23 April 1667. On 24 May 1668 Josiah's minor children Thomas, Susannah and Jonathan were named in the transfer from membership in the Salem church to that of Beverly. "Josiah Roots desired to be freed from common training from military service due to age and weakness" in 1676.(11) He lived about 7 more years. He wrote his will on 15 July 1683: 

I give unto my loving wife Susanna ye use & emprovment of all my personall estate: whatever untill such time as my son Jonathan cometh unto ye age of one and twenty years: or till such time as she mary or bee married again: yt is provided she marry before he come to age. Item I give & bequeath unto my loving son Jonathan Roots all my whole Estate whatever: after ye legacy hereafter mentioned are duly paid out of 5d Estate provided yt my 5d son Jonathan shall carefully & honestly & sutably maintaine his Mother during ye term of her widowhood & if she remain A widow during ye term of her naturall life: but provided he & she doe differ about her maintainance: then he shal pay unto her his 5d Mother eight pounds a year; yearly during ye term of her widowhood or her naturall life & let her have ye use of ye west end of my now dwelling house: & of A bed & beding & her firewood brought to ye doore during ye term aforsd: Item. I give unto by daughter Bethiah Lovett: ten shillings to be paid her after her mothers decease. Item I Give unto my Son John Roots twenty shillings. Item I doe make my loving Wife Susana Executer of this my last will & testament & desire my loving freinds John Hill & Nehemiah Grover: as overseers.(12) 

Witnesses were William Dodge and Samuel Hardy. Susannah Roots petitioned the court "that she had many weaknesses and infirmities of old age and and could not serve as executor."

Inventory of the estate of Josiah Roots of Beverly, who deceased June 3, 1683, taken by Samuel Corning, sr., and Andrew Elliott: one coverlaide, lOs.; 1 bed ticking, iSs.; coverlaide, ili.; 4 yards of red Cloth at 6s. per yard, 21i. 4s.; 7 yards of Lining Cloth, ili. 8s.; 4 yards of Dowless, 8s.; 4 yards and 1-2 of kerzey, ili. 6d.; New England money, 71i. 8s.; old England money, 16s., 81i. 4s.; 2 yards of broad Cloth, ili. 2s.; 1 yard & 1-2 of broad Cloth, 18s.; 2 yards and 1 quarter of Red Cloth, 155.; 1 Carpet, lOs.; 11 yards of sarge, 21i. 4s.; 7 yards of white Cotten, 14s.; 1 Chest, 2s. and his woolling wearing Cloths, 51i. 5s.; and his wearing Linning, ili. lOs.; 61i. 17s.; 6 yards of kerzey, ili. 16s.; 4 yards and a quarter of kerzie, 31i. is. 6d.; 3 yards of Lining Cloth, 55. & 1 hatt, 45. 9s.; 8 pair of sheets for beding, 41i.; bed and its belongings, 41i. lOs.; 1 bed and 2 bed steads with other furniture, 5 li.; 1 bed with its furniture, 21i. lOs., and other Lumber, 31i.; 3 chests, ili. 2s.; 1 Table and 3 Joint stooles, 1 Table, 18s.; Cushions, 6s.; 1 Little Table, 4s. 21i. lOs.; 2 Chairs, 3s.; pewter, 21i.; brass & Iron, ili. 13s., 31i. 13s.; I Cart & wheels, plowghs & plowgh tackell, 41i.; 1 sled & 4 axes, 6s.; 3 hoes, 3s. 9s.; barrell, Tubs and other Lumber, 12s.; 3 other Tubs, 2s. & 2 spades, 55. 7s.; 1 horse, 2li. lOs.; parcel of shingles, ili. 55., 31i. 155.; 10 thousand of shingle nailes, ili. 105.; 2 oxen, 71i. & 4 Cows at 121i., 19 Ii., 2 Steeres, 41i. los.; 19 Sheep & Lambs at 3 Ii. 19s., 81i. 9s.; houses, land and orchard, 2601i.; 6 Acres of meadow, 301i.; 5 swine, lOs. per, 21i. lOs.; total, 3841i. 19s. Several debts, 191i. 8s. 3d. 

Susannah ended up in the care of Ambrose Gale after Josiah died. Since she had known family members who survived her it can be speculated that she was related to Gale. Ambrose's English ancestry has not been proved, leaving the question whether or not Susannah was his sister. However, the arrangement was not without a business-like aspect. In June of 1684 the court ordered that Susannah's inheritance should be given to Gale to reimburse him for expenses. It was agreed that with the transfer of her assets, Gale would care for her for the rest of her life.(13) (Note: We know that Susannah was the mother of Ambrose Gale's deceased son-in-law, Thomas Rootes, husband of Elizabeth Gale. Whether she was also the sister of Ambrose Gale is possible, but unlikely).

At about 70 years old Susannah found herself caught up in the Salem witchcraft hysteria: 

To the Constables of Beverly. 

Whereas Complaint hath been this day made before us, by Sergent Thomas Puttnam and John Puttnam: both of Salem village yeomen against Susannah Roots of Beverly widdow for sundry acts of witchcrafft by her Commited on the bodys of Mary wallcott Abigal williams Marcy Lewis Ann Puttnam and others. 

You are therfore in their Majesties names hereby Required to apprehend and forthwith bring before us Susannah Roots of Beverly widdow, who stands charged with Committing Sundry acts of witchcraft as aboves'd to the wrong and Injury of the bodys of the above-named Persons, in order to her Examination Relateing to the aboves'd Premises faile not Dated Salem May the 21'st 1692(14) 

After the she was arrested on the 23rd of May, the following deposition was taken from Andrew Elliott: 

An information if it might be any help in the examination of the person before you goode Roots I being in the house of Mr Laurence Denni's some time since she was suspected for what shee is now before you & there was Likewise Leonard Austen of our Town of Beverly s'd Austen then s'd that he thought she was a bad woman, his reason was that he Living in the house with s'd Roots not Long since and when he went to prayer at any time with his wife & thought s'd Roots would acompany them in s'd Duty but Did not at any time but would withdraw & absent herselfe: & further when my self were gone to bed & she unto her bed. she would rise in the night & we Could hear her talk in the roome below I lying in the Chamber over s'd roome as if there were: 5: or six persons with her more s'd Austen might speak if caled thereunto as far as know more concer[n]ing Roots 

Susannah was eventually released, but while she was in prison her grandson John Lovett 3rd visited her and gave the following deposition about his conversation with Dorcas Hoar, another prisoner: 

The depersision of John Lovet aged about 25 years this deponant tetifieth & say that he the s'd deponant sume time in June last past went into the prisan to see my gran mother then goodee hore asked me the s'd. deponant whether I knew of any witnesses that would Come in or be brought in against hear.&.I the s'd deponant told her I did not know of any and then the s'd. hore asked me whether goodman witreg would not Come in against her about his Cow I the s'd debonant tould the s'd whore I did believe he Would the s'd whore replyed she did not know that he had ara Cow, furder saith not 

children of Josiah and Susannah Rootes: 

Bethia  b. ca. 1643, bap. 10 September 1648(15)
Josiah bap. 10 September 1648
John bap. 10 September 1648
Susannah b. ca. 1648(16), bap. 10 September 1648
Thomas bap. 16 February 1651
Sarah? d. before 24 May 1668
Jonathan b. abt 1665 

Deliverance Gale married Benjamin James. Following is information about the James Family:

First Generation

1. Edmund1 JAMES died before 15 April 1673[1], when he is listed as “deceased” on his son Benjamin’s birth record. Based upon his marriage date -- and assuming it is Edmund’s first marriage -- he was probably born circa 1644/1649.

At first blush, it would seem likely that he was the son of Edmund JAMES & Reana [surname not known], who
married in Watertown, Middlesex co., MA by 1640, according to Torrey. However, there was also a William JAMES
& Elizabeth [surname not known], who were married by 27 September 1636 in Salem, Essex co., MA. Given
Edmund’s North Shore residences, William seems a likely father. But, I have as yet been unable to find birth records
of their children, so this claim is *sheer speculation* and without solid proof.

Edmund is not the child of Erasmus JAMES & Jane [surname not known], who were married in Marblehead, Essex
co., MA by 1640. According to Erasmus’ estate settlement, the couple only had one son, Erasmus, and one daughter,
Hester, at the time of the settlement on 26 June 1660[2]. However, there is some connection with the Erasmus James
family, since Edmund’s son, Benjamin, named his first son Erasmus.

Given that Edmund left a “gune, sword and some other smal thinges” -- as opposed to the “foulin peis” [fowling piece]
also listed in his estate inventory -- he probably served in the local militia. This would imply Freemanship; which, in
turn, would imply Church Membership.

Estate of Edmond James (of Newbury?)
Administration on the estate of Edmond James, intestate, granted Jan. 23, 1673 to John Pickard and Thomas
Kimball, by Mr. Samuell Symonds and Major Genrll. Denison, and they were ordered to bring in an inventory
to the next Ipswich Court. [Ipswich Quarterly Court Records, vol., 5, page 190.]

Inventory of the estate of Edmund James taken Jan. 8, 1672:
a mare, £4;
10 swine, £5;
1 cow, £3;
Calf, 10s.;
gune, sword and some other smal thinges, £1, 2s.;
sadel, 8s.;
sickel, hamer and pincers, 4s.;
1 sitle, 3s.;
1 chest and box, 6s.;
other smal things, 5s.;
1 foulin peis, £2 15s.;
bead and beadin, £1, 10s.;
aparel, £1;
in meat, £1;
corn, £3;
on bil, 15s.;
total, £23, 18s.
Debts due from the estate:
to thomas Kimball, £1, 12s. 6d.;
goodman sumerbe, £1;
John nights, £1, 6s.;
Dockter benit, 13s.;
Phillip Fouler, £1 8s.;
total £8 17s. 6d.

Attested in Ipswich court Mar 25, 1673 by Thomas Kimball, one of the administrators; John
Pickard the other administrator dissenting and so further order to be taken the estate remains in
the widow’s hands. [Essex County Probate Files, Docket 14,739][3]


On 23 June 1669 Edmund married Mary MICHELL/MITCHELL, in Bradford, Essex co., MA[4,5].

They had the following children:
2 i. Edmund
3 ii. Benjamin

Second Generation
Family of Edmund JAMES (1) & Mary MITCHELL/MITCHELL

2. Edmund JAMES (Edmund1) was born on 11 February 1670 in Newbury, Essex co., MA[1].

3. Captain Benjamin2 JAMES (Edmund1) was born posthumously on 15 April 1673 in Newbury, Essex co., MA[1], with his birth listed as “James, Benjamin, s. Edmund, deceased”. He died sometime after the birth of his youngest child in 1710.

Given his title, Benjamin must have served in the militia. This implies Freemanship; which, in turn, implies Church Membership. See the notes below about Marblehead Church membership with his second wife Deliverance. Chances are, he met his first wife via militia service with her father, Eleazer.

On 10 April 1690 when Benjamin was 16, he first married Sarah LINDSEY, daughter of Coronet Eleazer LINDSEY &Sara ALLEY, in Lynn, Essex co., MA[4,6,7].

They had one child:
4 i. Sarah

On 24 November 1692 when Benjamin was 19, he second married Deliverance GALE, in Marblehead, Essex co., MA[4,10,11,12].

Deliverance, but not Benjamin, was a member of the Marblehead Church on 11 March 1693/4, when their son Erasmus was baptized, since he was recorded as “s. Deliverance”. Benjamin joined sometime between the baptism of their son Richard on 3 January 1702/3 as “s. Deliverance” and the baptism of their daughter Johanna on 18 February 1704/5 as “d. Benj[amin] and Deliverance”[13].
They had the following children:
5 i. Erasmus
6 ii. Benjamin
7 iii. Deliverance
8 iv. Tabitha
9 v. Richard
10 vi. Johanna
11 vii. Ambrose

Third Generation
Family of Captain Benjamin JAMES (2) & Sarah LINDSEY

4. Sarah3 JAMES (Benjamin2, Edmund1) was born between her parents’ marriage on 10 April 1690 and her father’s second marriage on 24 November 1692. She died on 8 February 1727 in Lynn, Essex co., MA[14,15].

In 1762 her name comes up in legal proceedings: “these children, viz.: David Newhall of Boston, mariner, and Mary Newhall of Boston, singlewoman, children and heirs of Mary Newhall, deceased, convey a lot in Marblehead assigned to Sarah Burchsted in the division of the estate of her father, Capt. Benjamin James, deceased[16]. These children were her grandchildren by her daughter Mary.

In 1713 Sarah married Dr. Henry BURCHSTED, son of Dr. John Henry BURCHSTED & Mary RAND, in Boston, Suffolk co., MA[17,18]. An intention of marriage was also filed on 12 September 1713 in Lynn, Essex co., MA as “Henry Burchstead of Lynn & Sarah James of Lynn”. Their official marriage record reads: “Bursted, Henry, and Mrs. Sarah Jeames”. Henry second married Anna BREAM on 20 May 1728.

t is interesting that all his children - even though he had with Anna - were officially recorded as children of “Henry and Sarah” in the Lynn, Essex co., MA vital records. Only by sorting them via date of birth can one determine whether they were children of Sarah James Burchsted or Anna Bream Burchsted.

They had the following children:
i. John Henery1
ii. Mary
iii. Henry
iv. Ebenezer
v. Sarah

Family of Captain Benjamin JAMES (3) & Deliverance GALE
5. Erasmus JAMES (Benjamin2, Edmund1) was born in 1693/4 in Marblehead, Essex co., MA and was baptized there on 11 March 1693/4 as “s. Deliverance”[13].

6. Benjamin JAMES (Benjamin2, Edmund1) was born in 1695 in Marblehead, Essex co., MA and was baptized there on 26 May 1695 as “s. Deliverance”[13]. Benjamin died in Marblehead, Essex co., MA after 3 January 1749. Benjamin married Hannah [surname not known] who died on 3 January 1749 in Marblehead, Essex co., MA[21].

7. Deliverance JAMES (Benjamin2, Edmund1) was born on 2 March 1698 in Marblehead, Essex co., MA (as estimated from her death information) and died in Marblehead, Essex co., MA on 2 July 1699; she was 1[21].

8. Tabitha JAMES (Benjamin2, Edmund1) was born in 1700 in Marblehead, Essex co., MA and was baptized there on 22 December 1700 as “d. Deliverance”[13].

9. Richard JAMES (Benjamin2, Edmund1) was born in 1702/3 in Marblehead, Essex co., MA and was baptized there on 3 January 1702/3 as “s. Deliverance”[13].

10. Johanna JAMES (Benjamin2, Edmund1) was born in 1704/5 in Marblehead, Essex co., MA and was baptized there on 18 February 1704/5 as “d. of Benj[amin] and Deliverance”[13]. On 4 January 1729/30 when Johanna was 25, she married Amos DENNIS, JR., in Marblehead, Essex co., MA. Her name is listed as “Hannah” on their marriage record.

11. Captain Ambrose JAMES (Benjamin2, Edmund1) was born in 1710 in Marblehead, Essex co., MA and was baptized there on 16 July 1710 as “s. Benj[amin]”[13]. Ambrose died in Marblehead, Essex co., MA on 1 November 1747; “a. 37y. 4m. 11d.”[21]. On 19 December 1733 when Ambrose was 23, he married Mary TREVETT, in Marblehead, Essex co., MA.

©1992-2003 Kristin C. Hall