1055 John Peach (Jr.)
b. About 1613
Symondsburgy, Dorset, England
d. 28 Nov 1693
Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA

Alice Unknown

b. About 1614
d.12 Jul 1660
Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
Relationship Events:
About 1640 Marriage John Peach to Alice Unknown
Ancestor Leaf 905 Hannah Peach b. About 1646 and d. Before 1687 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA

1. John Bradstreet

2. William Waters Between 1660 and 1664, both in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA

Hannah and William: Four Children: Hannah, William, Mary, and Thomas Waters
Mary Peach b. 1646 - 1648 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts; d, about 1670 in Marblehood.


William Woods 19 Oct 1663 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts Two Children: John and Alice Woods
  Elizabeth Peach b. About 1649 m. Colonel John Legg in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts One Child: Elizabeth Legg
Ancestor Leaf 925 William Peach b. About 8 Apr 1652 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts; USA d. 16 Jun 1716 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts, USA m.
Emme (Emma) Devereux about 1675 in Marblehead, Essex, Massachusetts
Four Children: John, Thomas, WIlliam, and Hannah Peach
What We Know


John Peach was one of the very first settlers in Marblehead. There were two John Peaches in early Marblehead, possibly related., I've seen it guessed they might have been cousins for half brothers. The elder one was designated as "Sr." and the younger one, our direct descendant, as "Jr." Only John Peach Jr. married and had children. His only son WIlliam had three sons, and thus the name continues in Marblehead and surroundings to this day.

His wife was a woman named "Alice". We know this from some of the disputes that both she and her husband got into with with their fellow townspeople as well as from his estate papers.




The dates on the family are somewhat sketchy as recordings of dates were generally not made. Because they were so early in the community and because they left wills, information as to tthe survivors can be found.

I suspect that the names of their children and even their grandchildren may be only a partial list consisting of those children who were still alive when their parents' or grandparents' wills were drawn. It's kind of fun reading through the various entries that appear for this couple in the very early Salem records.

Probate documents


Vital Records

Only two death records could be found, those for John's son William and his wife Emma Devereux Peach.

An excerpt from a document in the probate of the estate of John Peach lists the names of his sons-in-law and the four children/husbands of his deceased daughter, Hannah Waters. (Elias Stratton was the husband of his granddaughter, Hannah Waters, and Robert Gifford was the husband of his granddaughter, Mary Waters).

A short description about the lives of the two Thomas Peaches includes a summary of John Jr.s will, in which he mentioned his daughter Waters' children (plural). Unfortunately, I've only been able to determine that she had a son William. It appears that only two of William and Emme's three sons were still surviving at the time their grandfather wrote his will.

More information below on the husbands of Hannah Peach. Her first husband John Bradstreet died at the age of 29 without children, and she then married William Waters. It appears John Bradstreet had emotional problems, and Hannah had legal disputes with his family after her second marriage.


The John Peach, Jr. Family of Marblehead

In "The Two Peaches of Marblehead", NEHGR (New England Historical and Genealogical Register), Vol. 54, July 1900, pp 276 - 279, by the Rev. Robert Westly Peach of Camden, New Jersey, a correction is made to earlier genealogies re the separate identities of John Peach, Sr., and John Peach, Jr. This is corroborated by the Marblehead Vital Records (see Note , below), in which several depositions are made by both men, indicating they were of similar ages, the former having been born about 1604, and the latter having been born probably about 1613 - 14. The NEHGR article states that the men were probably first cousins and that John Peach, Jr., was born between 26 April and 22 July 1613. TGMB ("The Great Migration Begins", by Robert Charles Anderson) suggests that the men may have been brothers. The wife of John Peach, Jr., is identified as "Alice", surname unknown, who was born about 1614. "Peach's Point at Marblehead is named for John Peach, Sr. (NEHGR).

TGMB contains a report on John Peach, Sr., who was at Marblehead prior to 1633, but has no report on John Peach, Jr., who arrived at Marblehead at a later date. NEHGR says that John Peach, Sr. was at Marblehead in the year 1630, and that John Peach, Jr. arrived probably a few years prior to 1642. John Peach, Sr., had no issue, but did leave a will which mentions among others, his "cousin", William, who had two sons, John and Thomas. NEHGR implies that this William was the "onely sonne" mentioned in the will of John Peach, Jr. That there were "two Peaches" contemporaneous at Marblehead is proved in the NEHGR article through various documentation.

TGMB has a report on one John/1 Devereux of Marblehead, whose Daughter, Emme (Emma) married William/2 Peach. The Marblehead vital records list four children of "Emma" Peach (husband not noted), all of whom were baptized at Marblehead, 19 June 1687, C.R.1. One of these children, William/3, was twelve years old at the time (NEHGR), and was therefore born about 1675. According to the NEHGR article, William/2 Peach was b. about 1655 ("was only 22 in 1674"), but the gravestone record shows him to have been born 1650. If the date is about 1655, he was born late in the marriage of his parents, both of whom were born about 1613 - 14, and probably were married about 1633 - 40.

I. John/1 Peach, Jr., b. about 1613 - 14, married Alice (___?___). He was Selectman, 1656, 1659 - 1662, 1671 (NEHGR), and was "often appointed on responsible committees to lay out land, view fences, etc. (TGMB). He was frequently a witness to wills and deeds (TGMB). His estate in Marblehead was inventoried at 389 pounds (TGMB). His will was dated 10 Jan. 1688 (TGMB). From him are descended the Peaches of Marblehead and Salem, with branches scattered across the county (NEHGR).

A. The children of John Peach, Jr. and his wife, Alice (NEHGR):

  1. Hannah, m. William Waters (mentioned in father's will)
  2. Elizabeth, m. John Legg " "
  3. Mary, m. William Woods " "
  4. William, "only son", mentioned In father's will, m. Emma Devereux (NEHGR), also mentioned In will of John Peach, Jr.; he d. 10 June 1713, a. 63y., 2m., 8d., bur. Old Burial Hill; she d. __June 1737, a.80y. C.R.1 (Marblehead Vital Records)

II. William/2 Peach, b. prob. About 1650, m. Emma Devereux. Their children:

  1. John, bp. 19 June 1687 C.R.1 (First Congregational Church records), Marblehead, ment. In will of John Peach, Jr. (NEHGR); m. Sarah Stacey, 30 Nov. 1700, Marblehead, b. 17 Jan. 1683, Salem, dau. William and Priscilla; she m. (2) (___?___) Diamond, after 1713
  2. Thomas, bp. 19 June 1687 C.R.1, Marblehead, ment. In will of John Peach, Jr. (NEHGR); m. Mary Coaze (Coes), dau. Grace, 14 Dec. 1704, Marblehead; Thomas d. 9 Sept. 1731, bur. Old Burial Hill
  3. William, bp. 19 June 1687, C.R.1, not ment. In will of John Peach, Jr.; bur. Old Burial Hill, 10 May 1735, a.51y., 7m., 20d.; m. Sarah Elkins of Lynn, 4 Jan. 1710/11, Marblehead; she d. 13 Oct. 1752, a.65y., 7m., 3d., Marblehead
  4. Hannah, bp. 19 June 1687, C.R.1; m. John Calley, 9 Jan. 1710-11
III. Children of John/2 Peach and Sarah (Stacey):
  1. Sarah, b. 10 November 1700, Marblehead, m. Joseph Hine, 8 Nov. 1720, Marblehead
  2. William, bp. 14 Nov. 1703 C.R.1, Marblehead
  3. Alice, bp. 31 Aug. 1707 C.R.1, Marblehead; m. Benjamin Hinde (Hine), 29 May 1727, Marblehead
  4. John, bp. 27 Nov. 1709 C.R.1, Marblehead (Did he m. Mary Rackwood? - See No. 5, John, s. Thomas and Mary, below)
  5. William, bp. 24 Feb. 1711/12, C.R.1, Marblehead

IV. Children of Thomas/2 Peach and Mary Coaze (Coes):

  1. Hannah, bp. 17 Aug. 1707 C.R.1, Marblehead (d.young)
  2. Thomas, bp. 27 Feb. 1708/9 C.R.1, Marblehead; m. Sarah Hallit, 15 Jan. 1733, Marblehead (their dau. Mary, bur. Old Burial Hill "only daughter", d. 17 Oct. 1762, a.26y.)
  3. Mary, bp. 11 Feb. 1710/11 C.R.1
  4. William, bp. 14 Dec. 1712 C.R.1 Marblehead (d.young)
  5. John, bp. 1713/14 C.R.1, Marblehead (Did he m. Mary Rackwood, 24 Nov. 1737, Marblehead? - See No. 4, John, s. John and Sarah, above)
  6. Elizabeth, bp. 20 Nov. 1715 C.R.1, Marblehead; m. Francis Girdler [Jr., C.R.1], 1 Jan. 1737/8, Marblehead (See No. 131, Part II of Cemetery List, "Joseph Morse")
  7. Emma, bp. 4 May 1718 C.R.1, Marblehead; m. (1) Robert Nicholson [Jr., C.R.1], 16 Feb. 1737/8, Marblehead; m. (2) Thomas Roundy, 27 Sept. 1742, Marblehead; m. (3) Samuel Chamblet, 27 Jan. 1756. Marblehead
  8. William, bp. 1 May 1720 C.R.1, Marblehead
  9. Hannah, bp. 26 Aug. 1722 C.R.1, Marblehead (Did she m. William Hammond, 1738-9?)
  10. Joseph, bp. 12 Sept. 1725 C.R.1, Marblehead
  11. Sarah, bp. 17 Dec. 1727 C.R.1, Marblehead; m. Thomas Dismore of Salem, 17 Feb. 1746/7, Marblehead

V. Children of William/2 Peach and Sarah (Elkins):

  1. William, b. 13 Feb. 1710/11
  2. William, Jr., bp. 28 Mar. 1714 C.R.1, Marblehead; m. Amy Trefry, dau. of Thomas and Agnes (Dennis), 12 Sept. 1734, Marblehead
  3. Hannah, bp. 26 Jan. 1717/18 C.R.1, Marblehead; m. Thomas Maine, son of Thomas and Eleanor (Coes), 26 Jan. 1737-8; they had a son William Maine, bp. 12 Oct. 1740, who m. (2) Mrs. Sarah (Laskey) Clarke, mother of Rebecca (Clarke) Morse (See No. 132, Part II. Of Cemetery Listing,"Rebecca Morse")
  4. John, bp. 18 Aug. 1723 C.R.1, Marblehead; m. Hannah Shippen, 30 Apr. 1746, Marblehead
  5. Thomas, bp. 2 July 1721 C.R.1, Marblehead
  6. Samuel, bp. 28 July 1728 C.R.1, Marblehead

<"4">Sources: "Vital Records of Marblehead Massachusetts to the end of the Year 1849", Vols. I and II; "The Two Peaches of Marblehead", NEHGR, Vol. 54, July, 1900, pp 276 - 279; "The Great Migration Begins", Robert Charles Anderson<"4">

Note: Page 40, "Vital Records of Marblehead Massachusetts to the end of the Year 1849, Vol. III. Supplementary Records, collected by Joseph W. Chapman, published by the Essex Institute, Salem, Mass., 1908", has the following depositions: PEACH, Ester (Ealis-alice), w. John, a.54y., dep. June T., 1669. Vol. 14, p.91 John, jr., w. Alice; mentioned 5 m; 1644. Vol. 1, p.19 John, sr., a. above 50y., dep. Mar. T., 1669. Vol. 14, p.44 John, sr., a. abt. 50y., dep. June T., 1669. Vol. 14, p.94 John, jr., a. abt. 53y., dep.June T., 1669. Vol. 14, p.91 John, a.55 y., dep. June T., 1669. Vol. 14, p.91

These entries clearly show that there were two separate men by the name of John Peach At Marblehead, both nearly the same age, the older known as "Senior", and the younger known as "Junior". The exact relationship between the two has not been determined. John Peach, Sr. had no known children. The origin of both men is unknown.


The article below mentions not only John Peach, but two of our other direct descendants John Devereux and Robert Bartlett.

Below are citations from The Essex Antiquarian and The Great Migration Begins which give us hints as to the lives of John and his wife Alice.



Citation: Marblehead Magazine The First Families Chronicles: The Peaches by Carin Gordon

The Peaches, like all the first families, with their unique qualities, and abilities together, with the fact that they have largely remained in town, have lent much to that something special known today, as the "feeling" of Marblehead. The town owes them much, but mostly they feel it's the other way around. John Peach, from whom Peach's Point gets its name, settled in Marblehead around 1630, according to a later court deposition. There are some Peaches today, who, with a twinkle in their eye, will say that "we held the boat for the Dolibers to come ashore," while still other Peaches insist that their "forebearers welcomed the Indians when they arrived." In any event, the first mention of Marblehead in the records of Salem was in 1636, showing a grant of land to John Peach.

In 1630, the shareholders of the Massachusetts Bay Company, a commercial company governed by John Winthrop, received title to the company's land holdings. The town of Salem received some of this land and in 1636 gave title of it to some settlers who had begun farming the land and fishing off the coast. The company's land included among its holdings, all the land from Naugus Head east to the end of the point known then as Peach's Neck. It also included much of the land surrounding what is now known as Little Harbor. Among those receiving title to that land are:

"John Peach, fisherman and Nicholas Mariott (sic) (Merritt or Merrett) having fenced about five acres of ground on Marble Neck (though contrarie to the order of the town) yet. It's agreed that they may for the present improve the said place for building and planting provided alwayes that the propiety thereof be reserved by right of the towne of Salem to dispose in the processe of tyme to them or any other fishermen, or others as shalbe thought most neet, yet soe as they may have reasonable consideration for any charge they shal be at."

The Peaches also owned land on what is now referred to as Marblehead Neck. With the exception of a few individual land grants, the Neck was originally held in common by a group of various proprietors. The Neck was subdivided in 1724 by the common owners, some of whom were Peaches. The owners received their share of a parcel of land by pulling a descnption of the land out of a hat. When the land on Peach's Point was eventually sold, most of it went to Robert Harris who sold it to Edward Crowinshield in 1811. Later Crowinshield's family and descendants built large summer estates on the property. Robert Peabody who summered on Peach's Point and wrote a book about it, speculated that John Peach was a fisherman from England (probably Dorset) who originally came to Cape Ann. It is believed that he then joined the permanent settlement in Salem, and Iike so many of Marblehead's first settlers, left Salem when the Puritans' influence in that town became stifling. Originally the name was Peche from Norman French and John Sr.'s ancestors can be traced back to a knight who fought along side William the Conqueror.

There was a second John Peach, known as John Jr., who settled in Marblehead soon after John Sr. They were cousins, not father and son, but together they owned over fifteen lots of land in town, comprising several hundred acres at one point. Both men were very active in early town government and served as selectmen. John, Sr. was among the first seven selectmen elected when Marblehead split from Salem in 1649. Two Peach cousins, George and Donald, have served as selectmen at different times in this century. The two John Peaches served frequently on juries as witnesses, appraisers of estates and arbiters on boundary disputes in town. While a Selectman, John, Sr. served the town in some very delicate and diplomatic matters. In 1672, the town ordered that a "lentoo be built adjoining to the back side of the meeting house." The building of this addition to the town's house of worship caused great disagreement, stemming from the assignment of seats in the new addition. The town had voted for the Selectmen to make the assignments. The worshippers became jealous of where they might be seated and harrassed the Selectmen who were completely frazzled by the situation and almost resigned over it. The situation became so intolerable that a town meeting was called to settle the matter. John, Sr. was one of four men asked to form a committee to resolve the seating dispute. Peach and his fellow committeemen must have succeeded, for the raising of the "lentoo" was the cause of a great party where charges for rum and fish with wine came to over 425 pounds. Needless to say, this was a large sum for 1671.

Often, however, a Peach was a party to a law suit in the 1600's . John, Sr. and several other Marbleheaders sued to prevent the consumption of their lumber by strangers coming over from Salem. John, Jr. sued Trustum Hutson Leveritt for speaking rash words and defaming him. John, Jr. was satisfied with an acknowledgement from Leveritt that he had indeed defamed him. John, Sr. was fined twenty shillings for giving Trustum Dolliver "opprobious provoking words urging to a breach of the peace."

By far the most interesting suit occurred in 1645 when John Bartol and his wife Parnedd sued Alice Peach, John Jr.'s wife, for defamation. It seems that Alice Peach had told others that Mrs. Bartol had committed adultery with the boatswain of the ship "Sampson" in her cabin. Six witnesses were called to the trial, including Tristam Dallebar (probably the same man known as Trustrum in a previously noted case against John, Sr.). One witness came from as far away as Nantasket at a cost of eight shillings for two men and a boat for two days to transport him. By the trial's end, it was clear the Parnell had engaged in certain "miscarriages on the ship "Sampson" for Alice Peach "had proved the truth of her assertion." Alice Peach didn't seem to get along too well with the wives in town, for five years later she was fined for striking Edwin Reade's wife.

In 1769, Cesar, "a negro man servant" owned by William Peach was brought before the Court for stealing a pair of cotton and linen sheets. Cesar confessed and was ordered whipped 10 strikes on his naked back at the Public Post in Marblehead. It was not unusual for Marbleheaders of that time to own black slaves who worked in the home as servants or out on the small farms. Even General John Glover owned slaves.

John, Sr. had no children, but listed among his heirs when he died were his cousins Joseph and Peter Doliber. It is from John, Jr. that the Peaches in town are descended. He had one son William, who had three sons, John, Thomas and William. One sees these names carried down generation after generation to todays generations. There are now many branches of the Peach tree in town.

A William Peach, in 1770, was one of only 10 people in Marblehead who refused to sign an agreement circulated in town against the use of India teas, in a citizen effort to boycott the importation of British goods into the colonies. The nonsigners were punished when the town voted that they should be recorded in the clerk's office and published in the ESSEX GAZETTE as "unfriendly to the community." The selectmen were urged not to "approbate any of them to the sessions for license to sell spirituous liquors."

As with most of the old Marblehead families, the Peaches did not hesitate to serve their country in war, and as a present generation Peach estimates, "have served in probably every war this country has fought, " and even prior to the Revolution. In 1759, Thomas Peach was one of the men recruited by the English to fight the French in Canada in the French and Indian War, serving on board the ship "Squirrel." Unfortunately, he died during the seige of Quebec. Many Peaches served aboard ship and in the regiments during the Revolutionary War, including General Glover's Regiment.

John Jr.'s great grandson William, a housewright, joyner and cabinet maker, who later moved to Vermont, served with a Marblehead Company in Rhode Island. While transporting bread in small boats to bring to the soldiers located across the bay, William was shot at by the British. The bullets missed him, landing safely in the loaves of bread. Living to be over 90, he told that story often, but was quite ill in his later life and fought long for a pension from the government for his military service. It was finally granted five years before he died when he received $204.16 in back pay and $58.33 annually.

Colonel Benjamin Peach Jr. commanded the 8th Regiment during the Civil War, rising through the ranks and eventually retiring with the rank of Major General in 1897. At that time, it was the highest military rank ever attained by a native Marbleheader, an achievement which may still stand today.

(From an article by Carin M. Gordon -- when not practicing law in Salem, Gordon enjoys the beauty and history of Marblehead.) Sources: Interviews; The History and Traditions of Marblehead, Samuel Roads, Jr. 1897; Marblehead Historical Society files; Peach's Point, Marblehead, Robert E. Peabody, Essex Institute Historical Collection, 1966; Salem Evening News, 1931; Marblehead in the Year 1700, Sidney Perley, Essex Institute Historical Collection, 1911-1912; Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, Massachusetts, Vols. I - VIII.


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