|Johann Adolph Schill||Fredericka Kumph|
|b. 17 Jun 1806, Württemberg, Germany||b. 17 Oct 1808, Württemberg, Germany|
|d. 19 Dec 1845, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA||d. 17 Aug 1891, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA|
|Marriage||Before 1831||Johann Schill to Fredericka Kumph in Württemberg, Germany|
|Fredericka Rosina Schill - b. 31 Dec 1831 in Württemberg, Germany; m. in Philadelphia 30 May 1850 Peter Schemm (b. 30 May 1824 in Dottenheim, Bavaria, Germany; d. 12 Sep 1898 at Niagara Falls, New York); 12 children: Johann Adolph, Peter Adolph, Catharine, Louisa, Fredericka Mathilde, Carolina Bertha, Emma Christina, Anna, Caroline, Emilie, Clara, and Gertrude Laura Schemm; d. 23 May 1901 in Philadelphia.|
|Caroline Mathilda Schill - b. 29 Dec 1834 in Philadelphia; m. 28 Oct 1852 in Philadelphia Ernst Gross (b. 2 Feb 1829 in Württemberg, Germany; d. 4 Oct 1907 in Egg Harbor City, Atlantic, New Jersey); no children; d. 16 December 1888 in Philadelphia.|
|Gustav Adolph - b. 1 Oct 1836 in Philadelphia.|
|Adolph Heinrich - b. 8 May 1838 in Philadelphia; d. 18 Sep 1853 in Philadelphia. Died Young.|
From the dates of the records available, we know Johann and Fredericka Schill arrived in Philadelphia with their oldest child, Fredericka (known by her middle name "Rosina"), who is our direct ancestor and settled in Philadelphia at some time between Rosina's birth in Germany in 1831 and the birth of their second child, Caroline, known by her middle name Mathilda in Philadelphia in 1834. Two sons, Gustav Adolph and Heinrich ("Henry") followed in 1836 and 1838. I have not been able to discover what Johann did for a living. Sadly, he died in 1845 leaving a widow and four children.
On the 1850 census, Fredericka Sr. was living with her children Mathilda and Henry. Her eldest, Rosina, had married Peter Schemm a month earlier. The census form gives no indication of what their dwelling was, but Fredericka, aged 40, was listed at the top of the household with her children and nine other German immigrants listing various trades. The mystery is what happened to son Gustav, who would have been only 14 in 1850. I could find no further records for him. He was baptized at the age of 8 (Matilda and Henry were both baptized as infants). The 1847 baptism date points to his death before the 1850 census. The bodies of father Johann and brother Heinrich, who died when he was 15, but not Gustav, were moved to the Schemm burial plot at Laurel Hill Cemetery to join Fredericka in 1891.
On the 1860 Census, Fredericka was living with her daughter and son-in-law, Peter Schemm, where she remained for the remainder of her life. She died in 1891 having outlived her husband and probably three of her children.
The 1880 Census provided the first proof. Fredericka was residing in the Peter Schemm household and was identified as "wife's mother." This first proof led to research of Philadelphia records, where various documents gave us her husband's name and her maiden name (although no one could agree on the spelling of that name). The documents in the documents section will show several proofs of relationship.
The goal of this project is to trace every line of ancestry to the arrival of its first immigrant to America. The basic information of each couple is considered complete when we know the dates of birth, marriage, and death for both spouses. their parents names (or whether they were the immigrant), and the child or children in our ancestry line.
The research on this family is basically complete. A record of the Schill's marriage in Germany may one day become available. I also assume that son Gustav either didn't exist (and records of his baptism are wrong), or that he died and the death record will one day come to light.