Direct Ancestors


    The list of Direct Ancestors has been divided into four categories:

    1. The Wiegand/Clauss line lists the direct ancestors and their wives for several generations including those
      known from Germany.
    2. The Samuel Henderson line lists the paternal direct ancestors of Samuel Henderson (my maternal great
      grandfather) to their arrival in America from Ireland in about 1775 and his maternal ancestors for the
      generations that can currently be traced.
    3. The Florence Kuehnle line lists the direct ancestors of Florence Kuehnle (my maternal grandmother) and
      her ancestors on both sides starting with their arrival from Germany between about 1832 and 1850.
    4. The Thomas Harris/Mary LeMaster line traces the direct ancestors of my great great grandmother Martha
      Harris to their beginnings in America, one of whom first came in 1607.

    The groups are listed below in the order of their arrival in the "New World" with the earliest listed first.
    Each pair has a number that tells us what generation they are (my grandparents being the first). For my generation, a pair beginning with "12" would be my 11th great grandparents, (12th to the generation that
    follows me and my siblings).

The Thomas Harris/Mary Lemaster Line (First arrival 1607)
(Maternal grandfather's maternal line from Marblehead)

Sea DogsJohn Parker accompanied his brother, William Parker, one of the Elizabethan-era "sea dogs" in several battles including the defeat of the Spanish Armada. Representing William's financial interests, he was one of the 100+ men who briefly settled in the Popham Colony in Maine in 1607 - 1608.

He returned to New England a few years later, purchasing the island that Georgetown now sits on (it was called "Parker's Island" during the first three generations of his family's settlement there). His son, John Parker, Jr., (below) brought his family to Maine after his youngest child was born in England.




Richard Bonython, the sixth great-grandfather of poet William Wadsworth Longfellow and 8th great-grandfather of my grandfather, J. Harris Henderson, was granted a "patent" to settle a part of Saco, Maine.




Major Samuel Ward (Jr.), son of Samuel and Mary Ward, died at this ill-fated battle against the French Fontenac in Canada.


William Charles was an early settler in Essex County. Massachusetts, and appears often in the records of the time.

1105 John Bartoll and Parnell Hodder

This immigrant couple from Crewkerne in Somerset, England, is among our direct ancestors. Parnell was accused of adultery by another of our ancestors, 1055 Alice Peach, who was in turn sued for defamation by the Bartolls.

John Bartoll died at sea, and an inquest found that he was the cause of his own death.


Several Pitmans lived in the Marblehead area in the early days, and thus far I have not been able to determine the parentage of either Mark Pitman nor his wife.

The one relationship I was able to establish is the marriage of their son Moses Pitman to Remember Parker, the daughter of 1040 Thomas Parker of Parker's Island, Maine.


Tombstone carvingThomas Hartshorn, a tailor, immigrated ftom England, settling first in Lynn, then Watertown, Massachusetts. Susannah arrived from Kent, England employed as a servant. She married Thomas, and together they had seven sons and a daughter, six of whom married and had children of their own. Their son John was and is known for his tombstone engravings. Thomas married a second time, and had an additional son by this marriage. Past middle age, Thomas nevertheless served as a sergeant in the local militia during King Philip's War.


It's possible but not known for sure whether William Bartlett ever came to the New World. Four of this couple's children did come and started a Bartlett line in America.

The origins of both spouses of this couple are unknown.

Ambrose and Mary built their house at what is now 17 Franklin Street in Marblehead in 1663. As of at least 2011, it is the oldest house still standing in Marblehead and is a tourist attraction on the Walking Tour.

John Peach was one of the earliest settlers in Marblehead. There were two John Peaches in Marblehead; perhaps they were cousins. The batchelor was known locally as "Sr." "Jr." and his wife had four children, two of whom were our direct ancestors.

The Foxwells married and lived most of their lives in York County, Maine.

William Walton escaped possible execution in England for his religious views and became the first minister in Marblehead. Elizabeth Cooke Walton was the niece of Reverend John White, who some call "the founder of Massachusetts" because of the work he did organizing while still in England.

I'm looking for the parentage of Thomas' wife Mary. They lived on Parker's Island in Maine.

Arthur Sandin was one of the first settlers in Marblehead and was its first innkeeper.


Hanging of Bridget OliverThomas and Mary Oliver arrived from England, and Mary's sharp tongue resulted in their banishment. Thomas Oliver returned to the Colony after Mary's death in England. He married a second time, and died leaving her as a widow who ran a saloon in Salem. She had married again by the time she was arrested and tried for witchcraft.

Illustration of the hanging of Thomas Oliver's second wife. Sadly, many of the families of our New England ancestors paticipated in the travesty that was the Salem Witchcraft Trials. Some were victims, some accusers.



John and Dorothy's son married in Ipswitch and settled near her parents. Their story of an attack by Indians was written and survives for posterity.

Samuel Woodworth was a later step-son who lived on the Northey homestead and wrote the poem.


Roger and Ann married in England where Roger died when their son William was an infant. Ann remarried to Hugh Burt, who brought his new wife and her child to Lynn, Massachusetts. Ann had healing skills, and was at one time accused of witchcraft. She fared better than her grandchildren in these accusations.

We know little about this couple. The identities of their children were established through probate and land records.

1010 John Codner and Joan Bartoll

This couple settled early in Marblehead, and his name appears in Court records often enough to give us a glimpse of their lives (with some questions).

1005 George Chinn and Elizabeth ?
Immigrant George Chinn's children were interwoven into the histories of two of our other direct ancestors, John Codner and Nicolas Merritt.
Sep 29, 1846, the journal entry of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow: "A delicious drive with F. through Malden and Lynn to Marblehead, to visit E. W. at the Devereux Farm by the sea-side. Drove across the beautiful sand. What a delicious scene! The ocean in the sunshine changing from the silvery hue of the thin waves upon the beach, through the lighter and the deeper green, to a rich purple in the horizon. We recalled the times past, and the days when we were at Nahant. The Devereux Farm is by the sea, some miles from Lynn. An old-fashioned farm-house, with low rooms, and narrow windows rattling in the sea-breeze.” From this visit sprang the poem, The Fire of Driftwood.

Michael was an immigrant from England. We know who his grandparents were, but his father could have been one of two brothers. He married Grace Stacey, a native of Marblehead, and went into the fishing business with her father, John Stacey. The Cowes name was spelled in various ways -- Coas, Coaze, Cowes, and even Chase.

Genealogists have provided a genealogy of this couple's descendants. He was a fisherman, and her identity as a Chin is first suggested by a lawsuit he filed and won against our ancestor 1010 John Codner and then confirmed in his will when he named his "brother-in-law John Chinn."

Grandparents of three young mariners captured at sea by pirate Ed Lowe. One escaped and was captured and imprisoned in England before returning home a year later. The second escaped and lived alone on a deserted island for 16 months before being rescued by a Salem-based vessel that stopped by, The third was tried and hanged as a pirate despite his protestations of innocence.

King Philip's War affected several of the families of our direct ancestors along with early New Englanders in general. The bloodiest war in America's history, on a per capita basis, took place in New England in 1675-1676. At the center of this cataclysm was one man, Metacom, leader of the Pokanokets, a tribe within the Wampanoag Indian Federation. At an early age, when relations between the natives and settlers were less stressed, Metacom was given the nickname of King Philip by the English, because of his haughty mannerisms. One of the many ironies of this conflict is that Philip was the son of Massasoit -- the same Massasoit who had helped the Plymouth Pilgrims survive their first winter in the New World. A father's kindness would became a son's curse. In the 55-year span between the arrival of the Mayflower and the outbreak of King Philip's War, the English had prospered, multiplied and expanded their settlements while the natives were in a slow state of decline from diseases introduced by the Europeans and loss of tribal lands to the whites. By 1675, with the stage now fully set for conflict, Philip stepped forward to make a stand. In a prophetic moment he warned the whites of his intentions, saying "I am determined not to live until I have no country." The History Place, Michael Tougias.

In the space of little more than a year, twelve of the region's towns were destroyed and many more damaged, the colony's economy was all but ruined, and its population was decimated, losing one-tenth of all men available for military service. More than half of New England's towns were attacked by Native American warriors.


Nicholas settled early in Marblehead, and married the daughter of the town's first innkeeper. They had several children, most of whom married and had many children of their own.

This couple had several children and at least 60 grandchildren.

William arrived in America as a child with his mother and step-father. Some in his family suffered as victims of the Salem witchcraft trials, including his daughter-in-law Sarah Bassett and his daughter Elizabeth Proctor, her husband, John, and two of their teen-aged children (John's posthumous son was born in jail).

Common understanding is that Lidia Deliverance Codner was the daughter of John Codner and Joana Bartoll, but I have not yet found evidence of that. The Marriages Prior to 1700 reference gave him two wives, a Codner and a Wakefield.

The fisherman/mariner Robert Bartlett married the youngest daughter of the first minister in Marblehead.

David Oliver fished along the Maine Coast where he met and married Grace, daughter of Thomas Parker of Parker's Island.

I found some guesses about the sire of our many Martin ancestors, but probate papers naming the grandsons solved the mystery.

915 Philip Roundy and Ann Bush
Philip was an immigrant from the Isle of Guernsey and married Ann Bush in Massachusetts. Her father may have been Edward Bush. I'm trying to locate information about her parentage.

The gravestone epitaph says that Miriam Pedericke Grose died at the age of 80 leaving 180 living children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren. Obviously, her family felt that, in light of this profusion of life, death came in second — her 1717 date of death does not appear.

Three of this couple's children were our direct ancestors, and the name appears often in the list. The legend of the time was that "Pederick" was an aka. He arrived with numerous belongings and servants.

Deacon Stacey and his wife were the parents of a large family. At least nine of their children had children of their own.

They were the Great Great grandparents of Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story.

905 William Waters and Hannah Peach
William was Hannah's second husband and the father of all her children. Yhe marriages of their grandchildren in particular linked them to the families of several more of our direct ancestors.

Another union of two of the earliest Marblehead families.


Richard Knott was an entrepreneur and the second husband of Hannah Devereux, who gave us two of our direct ancestors, Margaret Greenfield and Eleanor Knott. Richard served as a surgeon in King Philip's War. Hannah had progeny who gained great wealth and reknown in Marblehead, among them her grandson Greenfield Hooper and his son Robert "King" Hooper, and from her third marriage, Joseph Swett, Jr. and his daughter Martha, who married Jeremiah Lee. Both the King Hooper and Jeremiah Lee mansions stand today in Marblehead. A photo of the mansion of Eleanor Knott Martin's descendant, 420 Joseph Harris, could not be found, but a photo of his shoe factory can be found on his page (and below).


John Devereux and his wife Susannah had three surviving children before he died at the fairly young age of about 40. His widow married Andrew Parker, and their daughter Ruth was the first wife of her Aunt Hannah Devereux's son Joseph Swett, Jr.

These two members of early Marblehead families married and had eight children who married. Jonas and Susannah had at least 45 grandchildren.

John Gale died when his children were very young. His widow Miriam Gale married as her second husband, Ephraim Sandin, Jr., the son of Ephraim, Sr. and Miriam Bassett Sandin. From the records, it appears Miriam married at 16 and had 18 children, many of whom died young.
The Merritts had over 40 grandchildren, 25 of whom came from their two daughters Elizabeth (who married John Pierce) and our direct ancestor, Jean, who married Joseph Pederick. Elizabeth had three sets of twin girls and a total of 14 children (At least four of the six twin girls grew up and married). Jean had 11 children. Their son Nicholas was kidnapped by pirates along with two of his cousins.
John Bassett was a cooper. After his family's ordeals during the withcraft trials, he became a Quaker.
Martha Bartlett Nicholson was the first Martha of several generations of Martha's all the way to my great grandmother, Martha Harris Henderson and her daughter (known as "Marto").

Francis Girdler immigrated to Marblehead. The origin of his wife Deborah is unknown. Both appear often in various records. They had numerous children together. After his death, his widow married our ancestor 1060 Ambrose Gale.


David Oliver, Jr. married widow Sarah Pedrick Brentnall in Marblehead, Their first six children have birth records in Marblehead. They attempted to live at Parker's Island, his mother's family's home, but they were burned out by Indians and returned to Marblehead, although it appears both died on Parker's Island.

The Olivers were the fifth great-grandparents of both Ruby Catherine Stevens, aka Barbara Stanwyck, and my grandfather, J. Harris Henderson.

We're introduced to the genealogy of the Cowes family with this family.

The first Captain Thomas Martin of Marblehead married Eleanor Knott, daughter of entrepreneur Richard Knott, and continued generations of Martin mariners. Although this couple did have a son named Thomas, he was not one of our direct ancestors. Two of their other children were, however. Son Knott had a son Thomas who was our direct, and so the name came down all the way to Thomas Martin Harris. Thomas and Eleanor's daughter was their second of our directs, and she married Richard Pedrick.

815 Thomas Waters and Mary Roundy
Mary Roundy was Thomas's second wife. He was a mariner in Marblehead who sold out and noved to Salem after the death of his first wife.
John and Mary had several children, two of whom, Richard who married Jean Merritt and Joseph, who married Sarah Martin, were our direct ancestors.

Peter Greenfield, possibly the son of Samuel Greenfield, was a mariner and owned a house, land, and a boat and had three daughters when he died after only three years of marriage to Hannah Devereux, who then married Richard Knott.

John Girdler married three times. By his first wife, we can find no evidence of children. He next married Margaret, the widow of Elias Henley, Jr. and daughter of our ancestors Peter Greenfield and Hannah Devereux. She had six children with Henley, and two more with John Girdler.

From his will we know that John Bassett was a mariner. His will definitively mentioned his children and even his son-in-law, our direct ancestor, Robert Harris, who married John's daughter Rebecca Bassett.
Both of these individuals are brick walls. There were plenty of people wth the surnames "Harris" and "Mason" in the area. but uncovering their ancrestry has proven problematic.

The schooner Hannah was the first armed American naval vessel of the American Revolution and is claimed to be the founding vessel of the United States Navy. She was owned by John Glover's in-laws of Marblehead, Massachusetts (John and Susanna Gale) and was named for his wife, Hannah Gale Glover. The crew was drawn largely from the town of Marblehead.

This couple never left Jersey Island, but they had two sons who settled in Essex County, Massachusetts.Their son Richard was our direct Ancestor. Their page includes a genealogy of the two America brothers as well as a descendancy back several generations on the Channel Islands.

Their grandson (right) published a story of his sea-faring ventures. (Smile, Sir).

Fairly good records of vital statistics exist for this couple, both members of early Marblehead families, but not much information about their lives.

Great grandparents of Supreme Court Justice Joseph Story.


Richard Besom was the son of John Le Gros Bisson and Jeanne Le Cras of Jersey Isle in the Channel Islands and part of his family's first generation in the New World. He and Sarah Gale married in 1753, and he served in the Revolutionary War.

Robert and Rebecca Harris distinguished themselves in American history with the birth of four sons who all fought for freedom in the Revolutionary War. Their son Robert fought in the War as did his brother John (our direct ancestor). Their brother Mason was a Lieutenant in the regiment of Captain Glover, the town's venerated unit; their brother William distinguished himself in history by fighting at the battle of Bunker Hill. All four survived the war and married in the years 1767 - 1778. Their sister Sarah married Captain Ebenezer Reed in 1772.

I submitted Elizabeth Grant to the NEGHS for research into her parentage. More research wll need to be authorized to learn if we can discover who her parents were. I suspect some kind of relationship to Marbleheaders Francis Grant and Susannah Coombs.

Thomas Martin and Martha Nicholson were the parents of two of our direct ancestors: Thomas and Arnold Martin. Thomas had Martha Martin, who married Joseph Harris and had Thomas Martin Harris. Arnold had Mary Oliver Martin who married George Lemaster and had Mary Oliver Lemaster who married Thomas Martin Harris (thus, this couple shared great grandparents). Thomas died two months shy of his 99th birthday. He was the son of Knott Martin, whose family had been highlighted for its longevity some years earlier.


Thomas LeMaistre (Anglicized to Lemaster) immigrated from Jersey and married Jane, whose father had come earlier from Jersey. Thomas was a Revolutionary War Patriot.

John Harris, Revolutionary War Patriot, married Eleanor Girdler. They had eleven children, several of whom died young. He was elected Selectman for Marblehead.

Arnold Martin was designated as "Captain" on his tombstone, indicating he probably owned his own boat. He was also the shipmaster of Marblehead Harbor.

Thomas Martin, another Marblehead mariner, was the older brother (by two years) of 521 Arnold Martin. Also like his brother, he was one of our direct ancestors.

George was from what I can determine a grocer. Both he and his wife were married for only months to other people before they married each other. George served in the same company with Mary's first husband in the War of 1812. Only two of their six children survived to adlthood, and Mary herself died when she was only 45.

Harris Factory


Joseph was the second youngest surviving son in a large family, and was apparently somewhat poor to begin with, but during his lifetime and with the help of several aambitious sons, he built up a large shoe manufacturing business employing 400 people.



Thomas married the widow of a man who died of illness as a soldier in the Civil War. Their children were born in Marblehead, and not long after his father died, he and another brother relocated to Philadelphia. Thomas started his own shoe-manufacturing business there, patenting one of his designs.

The Samuel Henderson Line (First arrival previous to 1775)
Maternal grandfather's paternal line from Ireland and probably Scotland to Philadelphia)
A Google search using the words :Ruggles (my great grandfather's middle name) plus Henderson plus Philadelphia yielded a will abstract for Hannah Cathers with legacies to her children: Joseph Henderson, Guy Henderson, Hannah Ruggles, and Elizabeth Stewart. It took a few years and some luck to discover that this woman is our direct ancestor. Unfortunately, we haven't yet been able to learn her Henderson husband's first name or whether he accompanied his family from Ireland to Philadelphia. Hannah Henderson married John Cathers in late 1799.,

A third cousin I discovered during research shared a list of names of family members buried in the family's plot at Monument Cemetery. Among them, was "Jane Wright." We found her death notice and were able to identify her as the mother of our ancestor Rachel, who married David McDonald.

This Joseph is something of a missing link. Family legend says one of the Josephs settled in Monongalia County. His son James, who had custody of Samuel briefly, returned to that area where he lived with his daughter until he died. An 1850 census shows a Joseph Henderson in that area with adult children with familiar sounding names; but we no proof and no information about wives or any children that we haven't been able to deduce.

David McDonald and his wife both indicated on their Census form that they were born in Pennslvania, but we don't yet know who his parents or her father was.

Catharine was his second wife, and together they had seven children before he died. A daughter pre-deceased her father by about ten years; another by about four years. Joseph died at age 73 in 1873. Sadly, his widow lost two more of the children within a year of his death. She remarried to Dr. John Ott in 1874, then died herself at only 44 in 1875. Her three surviving sons were left in the care of Joseph's brother and cousin (no further records can be found for her second husband, Dr. Ott). Joseph, like his grandmother, made a good living on rental investments.

Marha Henderson with Marto and J. HarrisS.R. Henderson with 3 Children

Samuel lived with his uncle James Henderson and then his cousin John Reed (son of Hannah Ruggles Reed) after his mother died when he was about 15. He met and married Martha Harris, who is shown left with their two youngest children not too long before her death. Samuel is shown with their three children (right) a few years later.


(Left) Flo with her four children about 1928.

(Right) The four children at a reunion at their childhood home in Egg Harbor, New Jersey several decades later.

The Florence Kuehnle Line (First arrival about 1832)
Maternal grandmother's line from Germany

The Schills arrived in America about 1832 with their olest child, who married Peter Schemm when she was 18. Fredericka moved in with her oldest daghter's growing family after the death of her husband and sons.

We know little about this couple other than their names, but four of their children came to America about 1850 and had many descendants who reside here today.



Peter Scemm immigrated from Germany and worked in Delaware a few years before settling in Philadelphia, where he founded the Peter Schemm brewery. He married Fredericka (known as "Rosina") Schill, and together they had two sons and ten daughters.

Louis Kuehnle, Sr.


Louis Kuehnle, Sr. was a chef who worked in New York City where he met and married Katherine Werdann. Their first two sons were born there, and then the family moved to Egg Harbor City, New Jersey where he put his savings and talent into the hotel business. He also served as the town mayor.

Henry Kuehnle and Emma Schemm married and lived a small-town life in Egg Harbor City, New Jersey with their six children.

The Gerhard Wiegand/Margareth Clauss Line (First arrival in 1912)
Paternal grandparents line from Greiz, Germany

Our paternal ancestors in Germany.

Our paternal ancestors in Germany.

Our paternal ancestors in Germany.

Our paternal ancestors in Germany.

Our paternal ancestors in Germany.

Our paternal ancestors in Germany.

Our paternal ancestors in Germany.

Our paternal ancestors in Germany.

Gerhard Wiegand Age 14

Margarethe WiegandMy grandfather was recruited for his cloth-making skills for a two-year visit that lasted a lifetime. My grandmother, then his fiance, left everything and everyone she knew to cross the ocean during a perilous time to join him. He commuted from Clifton, NJ to the Empire State Building six days a week during his long career.

Family legend says that as a color designer, he designed United Blue and GI Green (but as most legends go, no one is around to confirm).